Computer Crime Research Center


Ukraine: Legal Control of Use of Internet Technologies

Date: April 13, 2004
Source: Computer Crime Research Center
By: Andrey Belousov

In order to define an optimum direction of legal control in the Internet, a number of countries carry out specific studies, create centers and public authorities and adopt many legal acts and codes. For example, the USA headed to create an information backbone network as a technological means to allow everyone to find necessary information. The information backbone is an aggregate for all technologies related to production, processing, storage and distribution of information including television, computer networks, satellite communication and online commerce.

Attention is being increasingly focused on the social side of the Internet in EU countries. Resolutions and acts are adopted to form national policy in the sphere of information society. In Ukraine, official state strategy in the sphere of information technologies determines, above all, National Informatization Program Law. Also such important documents as Personal Data Protection Law, National Information Resources Law and Activity in the Sphere of Informatization Law are to be passed. November 2003, Telecommunications and Digital Signature Laws were adopted. However, there are no acts that indirectly regulate the Internet and aimed at its development.
So as to understand which way to chose to create a national law regulating the Internet in Ukraine and to realize human right for information to a full extent, it is necessary to examine international experience thoroughly and to develop its own effective legal basis in this sphere.

State policy directions and efforts of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine are as following:
- active development of the Internet;
- placing comprehend information on state and local authorities' activity in the Internet;
- introduction of the Internet in all educational institutions;
- reconsideration of school programs for computer science with the purpose of increasing time for learning and practical exercise work on the Internet, publication of the corresponding textbooks and methodical manuals;
- introduction of a series of popular scientific programs on the First National Channel with the purpose of learning capabilities of the Internet.

The President of Ukraine has signed Telecommunication Law, passed November 18, 2003 by parliament. This law provides for legal principles of activity in the sphere of telecommunications, and also rights and obligations of individuals and legal entities participating in this activity or using telecommunication services.
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