Computer Crime Research Center


Electronic documents and computer crime

Date: June 02, 2004
Source: Computer Crime Research Center
By: Ludmila Goroshko

Nowadays it is hard to find a person who haven't heard about e-mail, wire money transfer, webpages on the Internet, SMS-messages, SIM-cards, electronic notebooks, files, digital signatures, computer software, data bases, electronic security, digital photo, digital video and audio record. Electronic documents became part of our life.

Along with e-documents the number of so-called "combined documents" created using computer technologies and containing typewritten, hand-written and electronic requisites. These documents crowd out usual paper documents starting from civil passports, identity cards, permits approving access to secured object or depository and ending with banknotes and property documents.

According to the Central Bank of the Russian Federation there were more than 10 million of bank cards at the beginning of 2002. But card holders often use not cards as such but they usually enter electronic requisites in ATM or computer. At once they are protection measures from forgery and according to the current law belong to confidential category (bank, service, commercial, personal secrets).

These documents more often become objects and means of various crimes, evidence in criminal cases. For example, from 1999 till 2003 the number of accidents involving: cards forgery or sale increased from 325 to 1740 (540%); property damage caused by using Internet services accounts to access the Internet (logins, passwords) from 423 to 2321 (550%); average size of caused material damage from scams involving electronic documents amounted to 423 thousand of Russian rubles (about $14 thousand).

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