The governments of all developed countries in the world are engaged in resolving a problem of the information security and information space protection. Threat of the acts of terrorism committed by using Internet is now a reality, which requires the attraction of considerable manpower and money to assure the communication security. The research company IDC predicts that in 2003 the most severe attacks will be made and one will result in putting the global Internet out of action for a couple of days.
Early in 2003 the US Congress will consider the National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace. As the world network is actually created by America, this document will be determining the whole Internet life. While it is not clear how much money will be spent on the project it is obvious for everybody that there will be not a lack of funding.
Questions of creating a large-scale system to prevent hacker attacks and fight against mass epidemics of computer viruses are discussed both in mass media and Internet. There were rumors going round even that information traffics of the largest Internet providers (companies engaged in making the network accessible for users) will be taken under control in a compulsory manner. The Homeland Security Department representative denied the conclusions made by a newspaper that this structure would be monitoring the Internet.
For the time being only some measures directed on preventing cyberattacks are considered and there is no question of having every Internet user shadowed.
Despite of the economic difficulties, introduction of the information technologies is developed at swift rates in Ukraine, and problems of the information cyberspace security have become more actual. But our country cannot afford to allocate enough money on developing systems and technologies of the protection. All the CIS countries have problems of funding this field.
Îőđŕíŕ.ru and «Čçâĺńňč˙» say that Russia also cannot brag of appropriating huge funds on the information security “In 2002 Russia allotted about 2.5% of general backing of the Electronic Russia project. In 2003 less than 1% of all funds will be spent on the program Federal Agency for Government Communication and Information (FAGCI), which is responsible for the communication security, considers that it is necessary to expend not less than 20% which are stipulated in the projects similar to the Electronic Russia one”.
Summing up the results of executing the Electronic Russia program Vladimir Hrupov, deputy director general of FAGCI, noted that for the present “we had not managed to create a common mechanism of funding works on the information security”.
According to FAGCI, in 2003 it would be necessary to spend 331 million rubles on analyzing virtual risks and creating means of the information security but the government has allocated only 9.5 million rubles on the Electronic Russia program.
«Isvestija» informs that according to FAGCI, these funds suffice only to check the western software for the availability of “undocumented functions” in other words means of espionage. We think that Ukraine faces the same problem.