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Copyright Statement

Unless otherwise stated, the copyright and similar rights in all material published on this website are owned by Computer Crime Research Center (CCRC) and is protected by laws governing intellectual property. CCRC is a trademark of Computer Crime Research Center. All other trademarks are the property of their respective companies.

Fair Use

Fair use allows clients and non-clients a limited number of reproductions of copyrighted information without the specific consent of and CCRC. Such use may be permitted if the reproduction is for educational, personal, or non-commercial use, where the copying or printing does not have a negative impact upon the market for the copyrighted work, or is not for commercial or vendor marketing use. No part of the website or any material appearing on it may be reproduced on, stored in or transmitted to any other web site. No material appearing on the website may be disseminated in any form, either electronic or non-electronic, nor included in any retrieval system or service without prior written permission from Computer Crime Research Center.

Approval May be Required

If a desired use of CCRC material is not covered under "Fair Use" then a request for approval is required. Contact ccrc[at]crime-research.org, Publisher with requests to quote, excerpt, reproduce or redistribute materials.


The commercial use of the Computer Crime Research Center name or proprietary information in advertising or other promotional efforts is prohibited because it may suggest to the consuming public that CCRC is sponsoring or endorsing a product or is affiliated with the product.

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